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Chandrayan-3 lifts off on a mission to the Moon

India’s Chandrayaan-3 mission has successfully launched on its journey to the moon. If it achieves a soft landing, India will become the fourth country to accomplish this remarkable feat, following the United States, the former Soviet Union, and China.

India is preparing for its second mission to the moon, following the unsuccessful Chandrayaan-2 mission in 2019. During that mission, the Vikram lander attempted a soft landing but lost communication with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) before reaching the surface. The debris from the landing was scattered over a 750-meter area.

According to S Somnath, the chief of the ISRO, the main issue with the Chandrayaan-2 mission was that there were unexpected conditions that the system couldn’t handle, leading to an unsuccessful landing.

The upcoming Chandrayaan-3 mission consists of three modules: a lander module, a propulsion module, and a rover module. The propulsion module will take the spacecraft to a lunar orbit of 100 kilometers. It will also carry a payload for gathering spectral and polarimetric data of Earth from the moon’s orbit.

The lander module, named Vikram, is designed to make a safe landing on the moon. Once landed, it will release the rover module, which can travel short distances on the lunar surface.

The lander, Vikram, will be carried by a GSLV Mark 3 heavy-lift launch vehicle, nicknamed the Bahubali rocket. The GSLV stands at a height of 43.5 meters, approximately half the size of Delhi’s Qutb Minar.

The objective of the Chandrayaan-3 mission, which has a budget of Rs 615 crore, is to achieve a successful and soft landing on the moon. It aims to demonstrate the rover’s mobility on the lunar surface and study the moon’s environment, as reported by the Hindustan Times.

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